Historians and archeologists are trying to trace the ancient History of Hunza in the inscriptions carved on rocks near Ganish village. However, these inscriptions have no clue about the local settlements and appear like a Guest Book for ancient travelers who traveled from Central Asia and China to India. The origin of the Burusho people along with their language is a mystery which could never be solved.
Within the historical accounts the regional people relate their origin with the soldiers of Alexander the fantastic (July 356 BC to June 10, 323 BC). It is said that in 326 B.C once the forces of Alexander the excellent was on in the past and passed through Hunza, five from the soldiers becoming ill, lagged behind in Hunza. These soldiers made this valley their property. However, here it is also not known that before their arrival there was any human settlement or not. If there was clearly no human settlement inside the valley then, here you go not clear that from where these soldiers married? Additionally it is stated that Hunza was not within the route from the soldiers of Alexander.
Based on another theory three (3) generals in Alexander’s army have married Persian women. The generals betrayed Alexander by providing the Persians his plans. When Alexander heard about the betrayal he sought to consider revenge, nevertheless the generals, wives as well as a band of numerous soldiers fled. The valley of Hunza is believed to get been their valley of refuge because of its remote and secure location. Chances are the Hunza valley was already sparsely inhabited once the Macedon generals arrived. Certainly these tough fighting warriors made quick work of slaughtering the ancient inhabitants of Hunza. Though this is purely speculation, it really is highly probable. The desolate rocky valley could not have access to supported the Macedonians unless some farms have been slowly built by others over the preceding centuries.
People also narrate that this earlier settlers migrated inside the valley either from central Asia or from Shigar. It is said that, once the Brusho were occupying major areas of the present day Northern Areas which was called Brushal but latter the invasion of Shins pushed them to Hunza, Nagar and Yasin Valleys. It is known that human settlement was were only available in Nagar valley from where people migrated to Hunza. If this is true then there is great chance that this people migrated this region through Shigar. Major tribes of Altit migrated Hunza from Hakhashal; a classic settlement near Hopper Nagar.
In accordance with Biddulph , Brushu people conquered Hunza in 120 B.C. E, after which they captured Shigar and Baltistan. The word “Brushal” comes from Brushu, which is ancient name of Peshawar. In Tibetan history Hunza is named as Bruza and also the people in the area were called Burushos. During 11th century A.D., the shins invaded the region and pushed Buroshos to Hunza and Yasin Valleys. In Hunza they settled Ganish, Altit and Baltit villages or higher to 18th century the local everyone was restricted within these 3 fortified villages. However, Dr Ahmed Hassan Dhani writes the people of Hunza proper belong to Dard race from the Yashkun caste and have nothing related to the Huns.
In another account it is known the White Huns – warrior tribes from Central Asia – conquered the Kabul Valley, the Indus valley and also the Northern Areas in the early 6th century A.D. They ruled through several local Shina and Burushiski kings called “Rajas”, who have been subordinate towards the Hun Emperor. It is additionally stated that the original ancestors in the Hunzu Kuts were called Moghul. While rwlgfw from the Hunza valley, their leader Mughal Tithum, was injured when kicked with a horse along with to remain there in care of his most trusted men. After recovering he established the communities of Baltit, Altit and Ganish. However, today the Hunza individuals are from diversified background. People from central Asia, Baltistan, Diamer and lots of other locations migrated and settled inside the valley.